The Cottrell Line

Thomas Cottrell b. 1779 or 1780 VA
d. 1840 Miami Co., OH
John L. Cottrell b. 1815 Greene Co., OH
d. 1896 ?Scott Co., KY

m. Sarah Elizabeth (Redding) Nelson,
daughter of John and Lucy (Sinclair) Redding.
Lucy was the daugher of Robert and Sarah (Morehead) Sinclair.

Benjamin Franklin Cottrell
(image | 2)
b. 1848 ?Scott Co., KY
d. 1915 ?Scott Co., KY

m. Elizabeth Wainscott (1853-1896),
daughter of Abraham Jr. and Mary (Razor) Wainscott

Andrew Jackson Cottrell
b. 1874 ?Scott Co., KY
d. 1946 ?Scott Co., KY

m. Laura (Anderson) Riddle (image),
daughter of Uriah (image) and Sarah E. (Johnson) Anderson

Major Franklin Cottrell
(image [the baby] | 2)
b. 1910 ?Scott Co., KY
d. 1984 Georgetown, KY

m. Jewell Mitchell (image),
daughter of Jim and Minnie (Florian) Mitchell (image )

Jack Warren Cottrell b. 1938 Stamping Ground, KY

m. Barbara Agnes Gordin,
daughter of Russell Lamar and Zora (Mercer) Gordin

Russell Warren Cottrell b. 1961 Cincinnati, OH

m. Maria Carrillo,
daughter of Margarito and Rufina (Breceda) Carrillo

Our oldest documentation of the Cottrell ancestry:
Henry Perrrin, History of Bourbon, Scott, Harrison, and Nicholas Counties, Kentucky, 1882, p. 624 (original document and title page)

JOHN L. COTRELL, farmer; P.O. Minorsville.  Thomas, the father of this gentleman, was born in Virginia, where he received his education; in 1801 he emigrated to Greene County, Ohio, and soon afterwards removed to Miami County, where he remained engaged in the milling business to the time of his death, which occurred in 1840, being sixty years of age.  His wife, the mother of our subject, was born in Culpepper County, Va., and removed to Greene County, Ohio, about 1800, where she was married; she died in Miami County in 1835, aged 35 years.  They were the parents of five children, our subject being the second child.  He was born in Greene County, Ohio, April 3, 1815, where he remained, receiving such an education as the common schools of that county afforded.  In 1835 he removed to Marion County, Ind., and in 1840 removed to Scott County, Ky., his present residence.  He has during his life been a hard-working and industrious farmer, and by his honesty, industry and economy has succeeded in accumulating a good property; he is the owner of 350 acres of land.  He is now one of Scott County's magistrates, having held the office for eight years, to the entire satisfaction of all.  In 1839, in Scott County, he married Mrs. Sarah E. Nelson, a native of Fayette County, and the daughter of John and Lucy (Sinclair) Reding; she was born in 1822.  They have been blessed with fifteen children, thirteen of whom are now living, viz.:  Zerilda, James, Maria, Thomas, Benjamin F., Alvin, Alice, John S., Joseph, Stephen D., Willis, Millie A., and Sally.  Mr. Cotrell and family are members of the Christian Church.
“Benjamin F.” is Benjamin Franklin Cottrell, my great-great grandfather, known to some members of my grandfather's generation.

Thomas Cottrell miscellany, now mostly outdated

I.  According to information compiled by Frieda Curtis-Wheatley of Louisville, KY (great-granddaughter of Benjamin Franklin Cottrell, and to whom I owe much of the family line information above):
The Cottrells are said to have first come into the state of Virginia from what is now York County, Pennsylvania.  Thomas Cottrell's mother was ________ Barber, born in England and came to America as a young girl.  Thomas Cottrell's father and maternal grandfather Barber, operated an under-shot gristmill on the upper Rappahannock river in Culpeper Co., Va.  The mill was said to be located just below the natural falls and just above a sharp eastern bend, called Barber's Point.  (per:  B. F. Cottrell of Va. [1915-1993, grandson of Benjamin Franklin Cottrell above]).

Thomas Cottrell was born March 18, 1780 in Culpeper County, Virginia, where he received his education.  In the year 1801, at the age of twenty-one, Thomas left Culpeper Co., Va. and emigrated to Green County, Ohio, soon moving to Miami County where he engaged in the milling business.  Mrs. Cottrell (his future wife, name unknown) had moved from Virginia to Green County, Ohio with her parents in 1800, at the age of eighteen.  Thomas Cottrell is said to have married September 22, 1801 at Xenia, Ohio.
Frieda says that B.F. Cottrell of Va. once found a book that mentioned the Cottrells and Barbers in Va.  We have not seen it nor do we even know the title.

II.  The earliest references we have to a Thomas Cottrell who could be “our” Thomas are in the Greene County, Ohio records.  Unfortunately there seem to have been at least two Thomas Cottrells living in Greene County in the first three decades of the 1800's.  I owe the following to Bob Cottrell.

In the History of Greene County, Ohio, by George F. Robinson, 1902, are these two entries:
Cottrell, Thomas, Sugar Creek, 1820; soldier of 1812; June 9, 1828, married Susanna Ogan.
. . .
Cottrell, Thomas, Bath, 1806; soldier in war of 1812, Captain Shingledecker.
And in “Ohio Marriages Recorded in County Courts Through 1820” by the Ohio Genealogical Society:
Cotrell, Thomas      Gate, Sarah      Sep 26, 1811  GREE 00A 025
Existing records contain many more nonspecific references to Thomas and other Cottrells in Greene County, but, to our knowledge, no further information about family relationships or ancestry.

III.  Echoes of the Past by the Stamping Ground Women's club contains the following entry:
b.   1780, in Va.
d.   1840, age 60
pl.  Minorsville, Ky.
Word of mouth has it that Thomas was buried on the original Cottrell farm in Minorsville.  Note that this contradicts Perrin, above.  Unfortunately, no original documentation placing Thomas in Kentucky has been found.  The Scott County courthouse is said to have burned in the late 1800's and relevant records may have been lost.

IV.  The Cottrell DNA Project  DNA

Thanks to Darel Coterel who started the whole thing, we have learned that there are at least four different Cottrell families in the USA and another in the UK.  Yours truly was a 25/25 gene marker match with Bob Cottrell of Dubuque, IA, who is a descendant of one John Cottrell who was born in 1771 and moved from Virgina to Greene County, OH in about 1801, the same time period as Thomas Cottrell above.

Bob has graciously sent me his vast collection of information about John Cottrell and his descendants.  I have copied some of it and placed it here.

My 12/12 matches:
England 7
Germany 3
France 2
United Kingdom  2
Denmark 1
Ireland 1
Italy 1
Poland 1
Scotland 1
United States 1

V.  The only reference to a Thomas Cottrell in the Virginia Colonial Records who would have been the right age is the following, p. 424:
Thomas Cottrell son to John & Sirah his wife was born Mar 5 1779
(taken from Northumberland County, Record of Births, 1661-1810, p. 31, headed “C”).

According to Jim Burgess, this John seems to be a descendant of Andrew Cockrell:
Andrew COCKRELL was born in the 1630-1632 time period in England.  Andrew married Angel CORBELL before 20 May 1653 in Northumberland County, Virginia.  Angel was the daughter of Clement & Angel CORBELL.  Andrew COCKRELL died in 1673 in Northumberland at the age of about 43 years.  His wife remarried after his death to Richard LAMPREY.  Angel wrote her will 6 Apr 1726 which was proved 19 Jul 1727.  In her will she mentions her sons John COTTRELL and Andrew COTTRELL.
Jim Burgess' old site (no longer up) contained a vast amount of information about this line.

More Cottrell Links:

Audrey's Page
The forum
The forum:  1 | 2
Possibly the most famous Cottrell (from a Rhode Island family)
The Frederick Gardner Cottrell Grove, Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park
Asteroid Cottrell
  Cottrell Brewing Co.

The name Cottrell reached England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066.  The name Cottrell is for a serf or bond tenant who held a cottage by service.  The name is derived from the Old English cote, which means “shelter” or “cottage.”
The surname Cottrell was first found in Derbyshire where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.

This interesting name is a diminutive of Cotter, itself a medieval status surname introduced by the Normans after the Conquest of 1066.  It derives from the Middle English “cotter,” which was a technical term of status in the feudal system for a serf or bond tenant who held his cottage by labour service rather than by paying rent.  In the Domesday Book of 1086, the term is used (to denote status) as “coterellus,” the Old French being “coterel,” a diminutive of “cotier,” cottages.

coat of arms   The shield:  Argent, a chevron between three escallops Sable.
(Another family uses a bend rather than a chevron.)
The crest:  A talbot’s head couped Argent, eared and collared Or.
The motto:  Nec Temere Nec Timide (neither rashly nor timidly).

How do you say it?  COT-trell.